Supervisor: David Barnsdale <>
Announced end of poll: 20:00, 30th Dec 2020
Poll has not yet ended.
This is a public poll.
Actual votes cast: 44
Number of winning choices:
Condorcet completion rule:    (What is this?)
Minimax
Schulze/Beatpath/CSSD
CIVS Ranked Pairs
MAM
Condorcet-IRV

Poll description

Which is the most important amendment to the US Constitution

Result

1. 1st free exercise of religion, freedom of speech and the freedom of the press  (Condorcet winner: wins contests with all other choices)
2. 13th Abolishes slavery  loses to 1st free exercise of religion, freedom of speech and the freedom of the press by 29–10
3. 5th protects the right to due process, and prohibits self-incrimination and double jeopardy.  loses to 1st free exercise of religion, freedom of speech and the freedom of the press by 42–1, loses to 13th Abolishes slavery by 21–17
4. 4th Prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures  loses to 1st free exercise of religion, freedom of speech and the freedom of the press by 40–0, loses to 5th protects the right to due process, and prohibits self-incrimination and double jeopardy. by 17–16
5. 15th Prohibits the denial of the right to vote based on race, color or previous condition of servitude.  loses to 1st free exercise of religion, freedom of speech and the freedom of the press by 35–6, loses to 4th Prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures by 21–17
6. 6th Protects the right to a fair and speedy public trial by jury,  loses to 1st free exercise of religion, freedom of speech and the freedom of the press by 42–1, loses to 15th Prohibits the denial of the right to vote based on race, color or previous condition of servitude. by 18–17
7. 19th Prohibits the denial of the right to vote based on sex.  loses to 1st free exercise of religion, freedom of speech and the freedom of the press by 35–5, loses to 6th Protects the right to a fair and speedy public trial by jury, by 17–16
8. 8th Prohibits excessive fines and excessive bail, as well as cruel and unusual punishment.  loses to 1st free exercise of religion, freedom of speech and the freedom of the press by 41–2, loses to 19th Prohibits the denial of the right to vote based on sex. by 19–13
9. 14th Defines citizenship, contains the Privileges or Immunities Clause, Due Process Clause, + Equal Protection Clause  loses to 1st free exercise of religion, freedom of speech and the freedom of the press by 39–2, loses to 8th Prohibits excessive fines and excessive bail, as well as cruel and unusual punishment. by 16–13
10. 2nd right to keep and bear arms.  loses to 1st free exercise of religion, freedom of speech and the freedom of the press by 35–5, loses to 14th Defines citizenship, contains the Privileges or Immunities Clause, Due Process Clause, + Equal Protection Clause by 19–18
11. 9th Protects rights not enumerated in the Constitution.  loses to 1st free exercise of religion, freedom of speech and the freedom of the press by 40–0, loses to 2nd right to keep and bear arms. by 22–15
12. 7th Provides for the right to trial by jury in certain civil cases, according to common law.  loses to 1st free exercise of religion, freedom of speech and the freedom of the press by 42–0, loses to 9th Protects rights not enumerated in the Constitution. by 16–14
13. 22nd Term limit for president  loses to 1st free exercise of religion, freedom of speech and the freedom of the press by 42–0, loses to 7th Provides for the right to trial by jury in certain civil cases, according to common law. by 22–9
14. 26th Prohibits the denial of the right of US citizens, eighteen years of age or older, to vote on account of age.  loses to 1st free exercise of religion, freedom of speech and the freedom of the press by 42–1, loses to 22nd Term limit for president by 18–15
15. 17th Direct election of United States Senators  loses to 1st free exercise of religion, freedom of speech and the freedom of the press by 42–0, loses to 26th Prohibits the denial of the right of US citizens, eighteen years of age or older, to vote on account of age. by 15–12
16. 3rd restrictions on the quartering of soldiers  loses to 1st free exercise of religion, freedom of speech and the freedom of the press by 42–0, loses to 26th Prohibits the denial of the right of US citizens, eighteen years of age or older, to vote on account of age. by 19–12
17. 24th Prohibits the revocation of voting rights due to the non-payment of a poll tax or any other tax.  loses to 1st free exercise of religion, freedom of speech and the freedom of the press by 41–1, loses to 3rd restrictions on the quartering of soldiers by 16–13
18. 16th Permits Congress to levy an income tax  loses to 1st free exercise of religion, freedom of speech and the freedom of the press by 42–0, loses to 24th Prohibits the revocation of voting rights due to the non-payment of a poll tax or any other tax. by 16–8
19. 11th Makes states immune from suits from out-of-state citizens and foreigners not living within the state borders  loses to 1st free exercise of religion, freedom of speech and the freedom of the press by 42–0, loses to 16th Permits Congress to levy an income tax by 14–10
20. 21st Ends Alcohol prohibition  loses to 1st free exercise of religion, freedom of speech and the freedom of the press by 41–1, loses to 11th Makes states immune from suits from out-of-state citizens and foreigners not living within the state borders by 15–12
21. 12th President and Vice President elected together as opposed to the Vice President being the runner up.  loses to 1st free exercise of religion, freedom of speech and the freedom of the press by 42–0, loses to 21st Ends Alcohol prohibition by 16–12
22. 25th Addresses succession to the Presidency + procedures both for filling a vacancy for Vice President + allows VP to replace a Presidential who is unfit.  loses to 1st free exercise of religion, freedom of speech and the freedom of the press by 42–0, loses to 12th President and Vice President elected together as opposed to the Vice President being the runner up. by 15–10
23. 23rd Grants the District of Columbia electors in the Electoral College.  loses to 1st free exercise of religion, freedom of speech and the freedom of the press by 42–0, loses to 25th Addresses succession to the Presidency + procedures both for filling a vacancy for Vice President + allows VP to replace a Presidential who is unfit. by 15–10
24. 27th Laws affecting Congressional salary to take effect after the next election of representatives.  loses to 1st free exercise of religion, freedom of speech and the freedom of the press by 42–0, loses to 23rd Grants the District of Columbia electors in the Electoral College. by 16–9
25. 20th Changed date when terms of the President and VP and Senators and Representatives ends from March to January  loses to 1st free exercise of religion, freedom of speech and the freedom of the press by 42–0, loses to 27th Laws affecting Congressional salary to take effect after the next election of representatives. by 16–8
26. 18th Prohibited the manufacturing or sale of alcohol within the United States.  loses to 1st free exercise of religion, freedom of speech and the freedom of the press by 42–0, loses to 20th Changed date when terms of the President and VP and Senators and Representatives ends from March to January by 18–7

For simplicity, some details of the poll result are not shown.  

Result details

  1234567891011121314151617181920212223242526
1. 1st free exercise of religion, freedom of speech and the freedom of the press   -29 42 40 35 42 35 41 39 35 40 42 42 42 42 42 41 42 42 41 42 42 42 42 42 42
2. 13th Abolishes slavery   10 -21 24 29 24 25 27 26 27 29 29 34 34 32 32 33 34 33 32 34 35 36 35 34 36
3. 5th protects the right to due process, and prohibits self-incrimination and double jeopardy.   1 17 -17 19 22 18 22 23 24 27 26 30 26 29 33 26 29 32 31 32 31 31 32 33 32
4. 4th Prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures   0 14 16 -21 21 20 26 23 21 26 27 29 27 30 34 26 30 32 32 33 32 32 35 34 34
5. 15th Prohibits the denial of the right to vote based on race, color or previous condition of servitude.   6 5 16 17 -18 21 23 20 22 23 21 32 30 29 26 32 31 27 29 32 31 34 32 32 33
6. 6th Protects the right to a fair and speedy public trial by jury,   1 13 8 12 17 -17 22 20 21 25 23 28 24 27 31 26 27 29 28 29 30 30 30 30 31
7. 19th Prohibits the denial of the right to vote based on sex.   5 7 16 15 11 16 -19 19 23 21 20 27 25 24 24 24 28 26 26 25 27 30 29 27 32
8. 8th Prohibits excessive fines and excessive bail, as well as cruel and unusual punishment.   2 9 8 8 10 7 13 -16 18 21 18 27 21 23 25 22 24 26 26 27 27 27 29 29 27
9. 14th Defines citizenship, contains the Privileges or Immunities Clause, Due Process Clause, + Equal Protection Clause   2 8 10 12 11 12 15 13 -19 18 15 25 24 24 20 25 25 24 23 26 27 27 27 28 27
10. 2nd right to keep and bear arms.   5 14 14 15 18 18 16 19 18 -22 21 23 26 22 27 23 24 27 27 27 29 27 29 29 31
11. 9th Protects rights not enumerated in the Constitution.   0 6 8 8 12 9 11 11 13 15 -16 25 21 25 23 20 23 24 25 25 29 29 28 29 30
12. 7th Provides for the right to trial by jury in certain civil cases, according to common law.   0 7 3 5 12 6 11 8 15 16 14 -22 20 21 22 20 21 23 24 25 27 25 29 28 29
13. 22nd Term limit for president   0 2 3 4 4 4 6 6 8 15 9 9 -18 18 19 17 16 20 19 22 22 24 26 26 28
14. 26th Prohibits the denial of the right of US citizens, eighteen years of age or older, to vote on account of age.   1 3 6 8 3 8 5 9 7 11 12 10 15 -15 19 12 18 16 17 18 19 21 25 23 28
15. 17th Direct election of United States Senators   0 4 2 3 4 4 6 5 4 14 5 6 14 12 -14 14 13 15 18 15 16 21 21 22 25
16. 3rd restrictions on the quartering of soldiers   0 5 0 1 8 3 10 5 10 10 6 7 14 12 15 -16 14 17 17 19 17 19 22 23 26
17. 24th Prohibits the revocation of voting rights due to the non-payment of a poll tax or any other tax.   1 4 5 7 1 4 5 6 4 13 11 8 13 13 11 13 -16 13 13 14 17 18 19 17 23
18. 16th Permits Congress to levy an income tax   0 2 3 4 2 3 4 4 3 12 8 8 14 11 12 16 8 -14 15 13 14 15 16 17 21
19. 11th Makes states immune from suits from out-of-state citizens and foreigners not living within the state borders   0 3 0 2 6 1 5 1 4 9 6 2 10 12 11 12 12 10 -15 14 16 16 19 20 26
20. 21st Ends Alcohol prohibition   1 3 1 2 4 3 4 3 6 11 6 4 13 13 9 13 14 13 12 -16 19 18 20 21 24
21. 12th President and Vice President elected together as opposed to the Vice President being the runner up.   0 2 0 1 1 1 6 0 1 9 5 2 7 10 10 10 11 11 9 12 -15 16 19 21 24
22. 25th Addresses succession to the Presidency + procedures both for filling a vacancy for Vice President + allows VP to replace a Presidential who is unfit.   0 2 1 2 2 2 5 3 3 7 2 2 6 10 11 12 8 12 10 10 10 -15 15 18 25
23. 23rd Grants the District of Columbia electors in the Electoral College.   0 1 1 2 0 1 1 2 2 9 2 3 5 7 6 10 5 9 7 10 8 10 -16 18 23
24. 27th Laws affecting Congressional salary to take effect after the next election of representatives.   0 2 2 0 3 3 3 3 4 9 3 2 3 5 8 8 7 11 8 9 8 9 9 -16 23
25. 20th Changed date when terms of the President and VP and Senators and Representatives ends from March to January   0 2 0 1 1 1 4 0 0 8 1 1 3 6 3 6 6 5 4 6 2 6 5 8 -18
26. 18th Prohibited the manufacturing or sale of alcohol within the United States.   0 1 2 2 1 2 2 3 2 6 2 2 5 4 3 5 5 5 2 5 4 5 5 6 7 -

Ballot report

 1st free exercise of religion, freedom of speech and the freedom of the press 2nd right to keep and bear arms. 3rd restrictions on the quartering of soldiers 4th Prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures 5th protects the right to due process, and prohibits self-incrimination and double jeopardy. 6th Protects the right to a fair and speedy public trial by jury, 7th Provides for the right to trial by jury in certain civil cases, according to common law. 8th Prohibits excessive fines and excessive bail, as well as cruel and unusual punishment. 9th Protects rights not enumerated in the Constitution. 11th Makes states immune from suits from out-of-state citizens and foreigners not living within the state borders 12th President and Vice President elected together as opposed to the Vice President being the runner up. 13th Abolishes slavery 14th Defines citizenship, contains the Privileges or Immunities Clause, Due Process Clause, + Equal Protection Clause 15th Prohibits the denial of the right to vote based on race, color or previous condition of servitude. 16th Permits Congress to levy an income tax 17th Direct election of United States Senators 18th Prohibited the manufacturing or sale of alcohol within the United States. 19th Prohibits the denial of the right to vote based on sex. 20th Changed date when terms of the President and VP and Senators and Representatives ends from March to January 21st Ends Alcohol prohibition 22nd Term limit for president 23rd Grants the District of Columbia electors in the Electoral College. 24th Prohibits the revocation of voting rights due to the non-payment of a poll tax or any other tax. 25th Addresses succession to the Presidency + procedures both for filling a vacancy for Vice President + allows VP to replace a Presidential who is unfit. 26th Prohibits the denial of the right of US citizens, eighteen years of age or older, to vote on account of age. 27th Laws affecting Congressional salary to take effect after the next election of representatives.
1. 1 2 7 3 4 5 16 7 13 16 26 9 8 10 26 26 26 10 26 25 14 16 10 25 10 25
2. 2 1 26 4 3 5 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26
3. 1 23 11 2 5 3 7 4 9 8 14 6 13 13 16 12 15 17 21 18 19 20 22 24 26 25
4. 4 4 10 7 5 6 10 1 10 15 16 2 13 11 23 18 26 20 14 22 12 24 19 21 25 17
5. 2 1 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 3 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26
6. 1 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26
7. 1 12 22 2 3 6 9 8 18 13 23 10 11 14 15 5 26 4 25 7 19 21 16 20 17 24
8. 1 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26
9. 1 3 12 5 2 4 6 7 10 8 16 9 13 11 26 17 25 23 21 14 15 20 19 18 22 24
10. 1 2 26 3 26 26 26 26 4 26 26 1 26 26 26 26 26 1 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26
11. 1 2 8 3 5 10 7 11 15 14 17 24 6 16 9 22 26 23 18 12 13 25 19 20 21 4
12. 4 26 20 9 11 6 10 7 13 23 17 1 12 2 14 16 24 3 21 25 18 19 8 15 5 22
13. 6 15 24 8 7 10 19 9 17 20 13 5 1 2 11 14 26 2 25 18 12 16 4 23 21 22
14. 1 4 20 4 2 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 26 22 25 24 5 23
15. 1 10 13 3 4 5 6 14 11 26 15 7 2 8 26 26 26 26 26 26 9 26 26 12 26 26
16. 1 17 12 9 8 10 13 7 20 19 18 2 14 3 16 22 26 4 25 23 11 24 5 21 6 15
17. 2 6 20 17 8 7 15 9 11 15 10 1 4 5 13 19 25 3 26 23 14 18 22 12 16 24
18. 2 1 13 10 3 9 5 11 6 15 21 4 7 8 26 14 17 12 25 16 18 24 20 23 20 22
19. 1 2 26 4 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 5 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 3 26 26 26 26 26
20. 1 1 4 1 2 2 2 2 1 5 15 3 15 6 26 15 26 3 26 3 3 26 26 6 15 26
21. 1 26 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 2 25 3 25 25 25 4 25 25 25 25 25 25 5 25
22. 3 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 1 26 2 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26
23. 1 13 20 12 9 11 21 15 17 19 25 10 16 14 18 23 26 25 25 24 25 25 25 25 22 25
24. 1 21 26 21 21 21 21 21 2 21 21 3 3 4 21 21 25 21 22 24 21 21 21 21 21 23
25. 1 26 26 3 26 7 26 26 5 26 26 2 26 26 26 26 26 4 26 26 6 26 26 26 26 8
26. 2 18 16 12 13 8 11 9 10 17 20 1 3 4 14 15 25 6 26 22 21 19 5 23 7 24
27. 2 9 25 3 8 5 11 7 10 16 17 1 13 4 24 15 26 6 18 12 14 19 21 20 22 23
28. 1 10 26 14 3 2 17 17 8 17 17 11 6 5 13 12 25 4 25 18 25 9 7 25 15 25
29. 1 25 3 2 2 2 2 2 3 24 24 1 1 1 24 2 26 2 24 2 24 24 2 24 2 24
30. 4 12 25 9 8 24 11 10 5 24 24 7 3 1 24 6 26 2 24 13 24 24 24 24 24 24
31. 4 26 15 13 14 6 12 8 9 20 23 1 5 2 11 19 25 3 24 16 10 21 17 18 7 22
32. 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26
33. 1 25 24 2 4 5 24 8 24 24 24 6 9 7 3 24 26 24 24 24 10 24 24 24 24 24
34. 2 26 18 21 14 25 20 13 23 19 22 1 10 4 9 12 11 5 15 16 17 8 7 3 6 24
35. 1 4 8 2 3 26 5 26 1 26 26 1 26 7 26 13 26 1 26 26 11 26 26 10 6 25
36. 1 2 6 5 3 4 10 15 11 12 18 8 17 9 26 26 14 7 26 16 13 25 26 26 19 24
37. 1 18 23 9 6 7 14 10 12 22 20 4 3 2 11 13 26 5 25 17 15 19 8 21 16 24
38. 2 1 8 4 3 7 9 6 5 19 11 20 12 21 25 13 26 18 14 24 22 23 16 17 15 10
39. 2 1 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26
40. 2 26 5 2 3 4 7 7 10 22 21 8 17 11 16 24 25 12 23 1 18 15 14 20 19 20
41. 1 2 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26
42. 26 26 26 26 4 7 26 5 26 26 26 1 26 3 26 26 26 2 26 26 26 26 26 26 6 26
43. 1 26 26 2 2 2 2 26 26 26 26 1 26 1 26 26 26 1 26 3 2 26 26 26 26 26
44. 1 13 21 4 2 6 5 7 20 23 17 3 10 11 18 9 26 8 24 25 12 22 14 15 16 19

Ballots are shown in a randomly generated order.

[Download ballots in CSV format]

Feel like voting on something else? Try one of these public polls:

Loading...